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Nainital Culture

Nainital is the most beautiful hill station on India state of Uttaranchal. It is a beautiful place and has many attractions. It is a rich culture. The culture of the city is influenced by indigenous population as well as from the British.The people of Nainital have maintained their identity in the way of their living, their culture and their folk behavior. It is a place which is extremely rich from cultural point of view. The place is rich from cultural point of view. Nainital dances are famous. Dances in Nainital are of various kinds.

Language
Kuamoni and Hindi are the primary languages spoken in Haldwani. Urdu is prevalent amongst the muslim community while Punjabi is spoken by the large Sikh community settled in the town.

Traditional Clothing
Clothing of the women are ghaghras and full-sleeved shirts. Pichoras are worn on special occasions. The men wear pajamas and a long coat with a woollen cap.
The women wear lehengas and ghaghras ( full skirts ) with full-sleeved jackets. Special occasions call for the traditional attire of a 'Rangwali Picchora' with an ornate lace border covering the head. The men wear long coats with pyjamas and a woollen cap, an indispensable part of their costume
      
Traditional songs and Dances
Similar to the rest of the Kumaon region ,musical instruments like the Hurka, Turturi and Dhol are played by the people of Haldwani. Dances like the Chholia Nritya, a traditional war dance with a sword and shield, the Jhora, a group dance and the Chhapeli are also predominant in this region. Folk songs are usually devotional and have heroic mythological themes. Love songs and songs with moral messages are also popular. Bhangra and giddha are also popular amongst the Sikh Community

Style of Building Houses
Houses in Kumaon are traditionally built with an elevated living area where the inhabitants live and a shed on the ground level where the cattle is housed. Houses are made of stone, tin, mud and grass, with floors of wood or stone. Haldwani has seen rapid urbanization over the past two decades which has led to the growth of construction of buildings erected for commercial purposes. These are similar to buildings built in the metropolises with contemporary designs. Also the rise in the disposable income of locals has led to well known consumer barnds setting up shop in the town. Such showrooms are located in modern glass and stone buildings.

Traditional way of life
Haldwani has always been an important transit and trading town. Trading in merchandise and goods has been a primary source of income for over a hundred years. Agriculture has also traditionally been and has remained to the present day ,an important means of livelihood in the town.

Fairs and Festivals of Nainital

Nandadevi Fair:
Nandadevi Fair celebrated in the month of September every year was originally introduced by the King Kalyan Chand in 16th century AD. In this fair, the idols of Goddess Nandadevi and Sunandadevi are carried in a grand procession when myriads of devotees gather and ask for their prosperity and well being. On this occasion a number of cultural programs are organized here.

Garjiadevi Fair:
Garjiadevi Fair, organized at the Garjiadevi Temple in Ramnagar beckons thousands of devotees to come and seek the blessings of the Mother Goddess.

Sharadotsav:
Sharadotsav celebrated in the month of October provides a perfect opportunity to witness the core culture of Nainital. Various cultural programs, folk art and folk dances are showcased through this festival. Swarms of tourists as well as the locals alight at Nainital to attend the Sharadotsav Festival.

Holi Mahotsav:
Holi Mahotsav held on the occasion of Holi Festival is planned by the local bodies of Nainital. The local Kumaoni traditions, customs and rituals are exhibited during this celebration.

Hariyali Devi Fair:
Hariyali Devi Fair is celebrated in Nainital in the month of July on the occasion of Harela. This festival commemorates the newly grown greenery everywhere and the life infused in nature by the new rains of the season.

Ranibagh Fair:
Ranibagh Fair is held on the occasion of Uttarayani at Ranibagh which is positioned about 30 km from Nainital. This fair holds a great reverence in the hearts of the devotees and it is one of the most awaited fairs of Nainital.

Vasantotsav:
Vasantotsav is the spring festival celebrated in the month of January or February at Ramnagar. The culture of both Kumaoni and Garhwali people is reflected in this festival of fun and merry making. Thousands of natives as well as domestic and foreign tourists gather at Ramnagar for enjoying the Vasantotsav Festival.

Chhota Kailash Fair:
Chhota Kailash Fair is celebrated on the occasion of Mahashivratri in the month of February every year. This religious fair is held in the honor of the God of destruction; Lord Shiva.

Phooldeli:
Phooldeli is celebrated in the month of March or April when young girls decorate the thresholds of their houses with the first flowers of the season. It is believed that these flowers bring prosperity and also bring the people close to each other.

Gheeya Sankranti:
Gheeya Sankranti, also called Olgia is celebrated on the first day of Bhado in mid August. On this day farmers give presents to their land owners and to all others who are involved in their trade in some way or other. On this day the people of Nainital eat Ghee and also apply ghee on their foreheads.

Bikhauti:
Bikhauti is the nine days festival (Navratri) celebrated in the month of Chaitra. On this occasion seven types of grains are sowed which symbolize the future prosperity.

Hariyala:
Hariyala Festival, celebrated in the month of Shravan commemorates the nuptials of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.

Khatarua:
Khatarua Festival celebrated on the first day of the Hindu month Ashwin that falls in mid September welcomes the arrival of the autumn season. The noteworthy feature of this festival is that cucumber is offered to the deities that kill the evil forces.